高中英语 M5 U2 grammar 21y课件 牛津版必修5

发布于:2021-06-19 03:46:06









Module 5 Unit 2 Grammar-2

Verb-ing phrases

because of in English as a result at 6:00 on the condition of with a book in his hand 1. I get up _______. at 6:00 2. He studies hard, __________, he get a as a result high mark. 3. Because of the traffic jam, I was late. ___________ 4. Can you write _________? in English on the condition of 5. I’ll come__________________ being invited. 6. He enters the room _____________________. with a book in his hand

Phrases at 6:00 as a result because of in English on the condition of with a book in his hand

Functions 时间状语 结果状语 原因状语 方式状语 条件状语 伴随状语

1. 作伴随状语

现在分词作伴随状语,表 示两个动作同时发生。

They sat there talking to each other.

They sat there and at the same time they were talking. The poor man stood by the road, begging.
He stood by the road and at the same time he was begging.

He sent me an email, ____ to get further B

information.
A. hope B. hoping

C. to hope

D. hoped

2. 作方式状语

Americans like travelling, driving their cars.
How do they travel? They travel by driving cars.

他们经常用英语交流。
They often communicate with each other, using English.

3. 作时间状语
Seeing the big snake, the girl was almost frightened to death. When was the girl almost frightened to death? When she saw the snake.

3.作时间状语,相当于时间状语从句

Seeing the big snake,the girl was almost frightened to death. =When she saw the big snake,the girl was almost frightened to death.

Waiting in the room, he read a China Daily. =When he waited in the room,he read a China Daily. Having waited in the room for an hour,he left angrily. =After he waited in the room for an hour, he left angrily.

现在分词(waiting) 同时或进行 现在分词完成时(having waited) 发生于谓语 动词前

____ in the line for half an hour,he suddenly realized that he left his wallet at home. A.Having waited B. Waiting C.Waited D. Wait

A

有时表示时间的分词短语可由连接词 when, while, once, until, whenever 等引出。

While reading the novel, he nodded from time to time. =While he was reading the novel, he nodded from time to time.

4. 作原因状语 Being a student, he must work hard. Why must he work hard? Because he is a student.

4. 作原因状语,相当于原因状语从句。

Being a student, I must work hard. =Because I am a student, I must work hard. Not knowing what to do next,he turned to the teacher for help. =Because he didn’t know what to do next, he turned to the teacher for help.

1. _____ full preparations,we decided to D put off the meeting till next week. A. We did not make B. Having not made C. We had not made D. Not having made

D 2. _____ what the situation would be like, they decided to keep silent. A. Having not known B. knowing not C. Not know D. Not knowing

A 3. ____ such heavy pollution already, it
may now be too late to clean up the river.

A. Having suffered B. Suffering
C. To suffer D. Suffered

4. _____ the program, they have to stay A there for another two weeks.

A. Not completing
B. Not completed C. Not having completed

D. Having not completed

5. 作结果状语

Both his parents died in the war, leaving
him alone in the world. The fish can eat a person in two minutes,

leaving only the bones.
The cup dropped to the ground, breaking

into pieces.

1.European football is played in 80 countries, ____ it the most popular A sport in the world.
A. making C. made B. makes D. to make

2. Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage _____ the girl and took her away, D ____ into the woods. A. seizing;disappeared B. seizing;disappearing C. seizing;to disappear D. seized;disappearing

6. 作条件状语
Working hard, you will succeed one day.

=If you work hard, you will succeed one day.
Putting more salt into the soup, you will find it more delicious. = If you put more salt into the soup, you will find it more delicious.

Conclusion
? Asking around, I find many people willing to protect animals . ? The couple went shopping , leaving the son alone at home . ? Having plenty of money, she was able to go anywhere on holidays.

? She went on business , taking the flight. ? He entered handing a book in his hand. ? Time permitting , I will meet you for lunch.

现在分词作状语时,其逻辑主语必须与句子的主 语相同;如果不相同,分词前必须加上自己的主 语,这种结构被称为独立主格结构。

Time permitting, I will stay for another week.
=If time permits, I will stay for another week.

Verb-ing Phrases
? ? ? ? ? ? 作伴随状语 作方式状语 作时间状语,相当于时间状语从句 作原因状语,相当于原因状语从句 作结果状语 作条件状语,相当于条件状语从句

用verb-ing phrases改写句子 1.He lay in bed and at the same time he read a book. 2.It rained heavily, as a result , it caused flooding in the area. 3.Because he didn't hear the question clearly, he asked her to repeat it . 4.If time permits, I will meet you for lunch. 5.When she heared the news, she cried.

Homework


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